The Port of Tallinn handles petroleum products at Muuga Harbour and Paldiski South Harbour. Petroleum product transit has concentrated into the Muuga Harbour that has three major terminals engaged storage and transhipment of liquid bulk: Liwathon E.O.S., Vesta Terminal Tallinn, and Olerex Terminal. In addition to these three operators, the Muuga Harbour also hosts terminals of Neste Estonia and Nynas. The area of activities of these companies is slightly different. Neste Estonia is involved in import, storage and whole sale of petroleum products and Nynas is handling the import and marketing of bitumen, bitumen oils, and fluxed bitumen emulsion. Alexela Terminal and Baltic Oil Service handle the petroleum products in the Paldiski South Harbour.
Russia’s presence in the relative close proximity and the existence of developed infrastructure combined with the superstructures are providing excellent opportunities for petroleum product transit from Eastern Europe to Western Europe, America and Asia. The container fleet of the operators active in the Port of Tallinn amounts to approximately 2.0 million cubic metres. The oil terminals are also in possession of a developed rail infrastructure that is connected to the backbones of the rail network of Estonian Railways. At present, the Muuga Harbour operators are capable of unloading up to 2,000 rail tank wagons per day – the full train loads are discharged. In addition to the liquid bulk arriving by train, there are also facilities for unloading the tanker vessels.
The transshipment of petroleum products is performed on three berths in Paldiski South Harbour and on nine berths in the Muuga Harbour. The longest extends to 340 m (1,115 ft) with the depth of 18 m (~59 ft), allowing to receive tanker vessels with 300,000 t capacity. The loading speed of the petroleum products from the shore to tanker is up to 7,000 tons per hour.
The oil terminal operators of the Port of Tallinn harbours currently provide storage service for petroleum and petroleum products, consolidation of large consignments and blending services.